At that time, the Convention was not referred to as a “Constitutional Convention”, and most delegates did not come with the intention of drafting a new constitution. Many assumed that the purpose of the convention was to discuss and draft improvements to the existing articles of Confederation, and otherwise would not have agreed to participate. After the convention began, however, most, but not all, delegates generally agreed that the goal would be a new system of government, not just a revised version of the Articles of Confederation. Constitutional Convention, (1787), in the history of the United States, convention that drafted the Constitution of the United States. Spurred on by severe economic hardship generated by radical political movements such as the Shays Rebellion, and driven by demands for a stronger central government, the convention met at the Pennsylvania State House in Philadelphia (May 25 to September 17, 1787), ostensibly to amend the Articles of Confederation. All states except Rhode Island accepted an invitation from the Annapolis Convention of 1786 to send delegates. Of the 74 deputies elected by state legislatures, only 55 took part in the process; Of these, 39 have signed the constitution. Among the delegates were many prominent personalities of the time. Among them were George Washington, who was elected president, James Madison, Benjamin Franklin, James Wilson, John Rutledge, Charles Pinckney, Oliver Ellsworth and Governor Morris. Two other questions about the president also sparked heated debates: How long should the president`s term be in office? And should the number of terms the president could serve be limited? This debate was underpinned by the fear that a monarchy or despot would take control of the country. The Convention finally decided on a four-year term, with no limit on the number of times the President could be re-elected. It all seems to be pretty regular. So where does the myth of galloping convention come from? Why is it so persistent? Originally scheduled for May 14, the convention had to be postponed because very few selected delegates were present that day, as very few selected delegates were present at the end of the 18th century.
On May 14, only delegates from Virginia and Pennsylvania attended.  Only on the 25th. A quorum of seven states was reached and the convention could begin at the Pennsylvania State House.  New Hampshire delegates did not join the convention until July 23, more than half the process.  “Legislators do not have the right to dictate the terms of constitutional debate. On the contrary, they can be eliminated altogether if Congress decides that state conventions would be more appropriate instruments of ratification. States have the final say on amendments, but the Constitution only allows them to consider proposals from a national institution free to consider all possible responses to an alleged constitutional loophole. No one believes that we are currently in the midst of a constitutional crisis. When the Convention received the draft with these proposals, another heated debate broke out. Opponents of the export ban turned for economic reasons. One delegate said denying the power to tax exports would take “half of the trade regulation” away from the government. Another pointed out that export taxation could become important “if America becomes a producing country.” There was some opposition to the popular election of the lower house or the House of Representatives.
Elbridge Gerry of Massachusetts and Roger Sherman of Connecticut feared that people would be too easily misled by demagogues and that popular elections would lead to mob dominance and anarchy. Pierce Butler of South Carolina believed that political power could only be vested in wealthy men with property. However, the majority of the Convention supported the popular elections.  George Mason of Virginia stated that the House of Commons should be “the great guardian of the democratic principle of government.”  A number of leading legal experts have warned that states cannot control a constitutional convention or that convening it could open the constitution to significant and unpredictable changes. For example: Recently, the movement has experienced a revival. On November 20, 2013, the Ohio General Assembly asked Congress to convene a convention to propose a change to the balanced budget. These efforts made Ohio the 20th state to join a campaign for a national convention of states.  On March 26, 2014, the Michigan Legislature asked Congress to hold a convention to propose a balanced budget change, making Michigan the 22nd to participate in the national effort.  On April 27, 2016, the Oklahoma Senate approved an Article V Balancing Amendment Convention, making Oklahoma the 29th Infantry Corporation. It is also important to note that the State participates in national efforts.
 On November 7, 2017, the Wisconsin Legislature approved an Article V resolution to alter the balanced budget. Another set of radical amendments introduced by the Committee on Detailed Questions proved much more controversial when the committee`s report was submitted to the Convention. On the day the convention agreed to name the committee, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, a South Carolina Southerner, warned of the dire consequences if the committee did not include the protection of slavery in the Southern states or authorize the taxation of agricultural exports from the South.  :173 In response to Pinckney and his fellow delegates from the South, the committee included three provisions that explicitly limited the authority of Congress in a manner favourable to Southern interests. The proposed wording would prevent Congress from interfering in the slave trade. It would also prohibit the taxation of exports and require that all laws regulating foreign trade through tariffs or quotas (i.e. laws similar to the English Navigation Acts) be passed only by a two-thirds majority of both houses of Congress.